junkers ju 88 cockpit

It was the best German bomber, but without fighter escort, it still suffered from heavy losses during missions originating from bases in Norway. It had a streamlined nose and was powered by two Jumo 211B-1 engines. ©Larry Dwyer. Although the aircraft only entered service in 1943, its basic design was based on an alternative cockpit for the Ju 88 that had been part of the original design for that aircraft in 1936. Junkers Ju 88 C-1 featured the shorter span wing of the early Ju 88 A, but from the C-2 onwards the extended wing of the Ju 88 A-4 was employed. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It would also have an extensively redesigned cockpit that was raised above the fuselage with a gondola under the nose to the starboard side, with a gunner lying prone firing a MG 15 machine gun. Junkers Ju 88 vol. The Ju 85 was a twin-engined bomber aircraft prototype, designed by Junkers in 1935. The Ju 88H-3 was further extended to achieve an even longer range. Ju 88 Libya 1942 1 × 7.92 mm MG 81Z twin machine gun on flexible mount in the rear ventral Bola position, firing aft with 1,000 rounds. O seu projeto tinha, inicialmente, como principal objetivo o desenvolvi-mento de um bombardeiro ágio que pudesse combater na linha de frente. Its closest counterparts on the Allied side were the Mosquito and Beaufighter. III. In early 1943, a standard production Ju 88A-4 was used as the prototype for the Ju 88S series. Luftwaffe Ww2 Aircraft Fighter Aircraft Military History Ww2 History Ww2 Planes Battle Of Britain Interesting History World War Two. The inverted V-12 engines were installed in front of the wing leading edge, not under the wing. The Ministry of Aviation requested the aircraft, which differed from the Ju 88 due to the use of a twin fin tail unit. Avec la destruction du Tirpitz, il n'y avait plus aucune obligation capitale pour les navires sur le théâtre de l'Atlantique, et bientôt ceux de la Home Fleet à Scapa Flow sont sur le chemin de la guerre du Pacifique, en laissant les Mistel sans aucun objectif valable à Scapa Flow. Infantry Arms. Warships & Submarines. Junkers Ju 88 Medium Bomber / Multi-Role Aircraft Aircraft Cockpit Picture. The Junkers development center at Dessau gave priority to the study of pull-out systems and dive brakes. The P-2 was armed with two 37mm cannons, a 50mm cannon, or even a 75mm cannon in a ventral gondola with the barrels offset to port, but the recoil was too powerful. Inside the cockpit. The Ju 88P was an anti-tank version and built in several versions in limited numbers. Allegedly it was carrying an important agent, but the secrets of its Fug 200 Lichtenstein SN-2 radar and Fug 227 Flensburg homing radar were also extremely valuable. En avril, les unités de Mistel sont dissoutes et le personnel navigant dispersé dans des unités de combat à proximité[9]. The Ju 88V4 increased the crew to four from three and it was on this version that the “beetles eye” flat panels appeared on the nose. 3 Junkers Ju-88A-4 bombers. Armament consisted of three forward firing MG 17 machine guns, one 20 mm MG FF/M cannon in the nose and twin 20 mm cannons in the gondola. Seuls deux exemplaires complets ont été conservés : l'un au RAF Museum, Hendon, Grande-Bretagne; l'autre au National Museum of the USAF, Dayton, OH, Etats-Unis. Due to a delay with the Jumo 213A engines, it was powered by two 1,600 hp (1190 kW) BMW 801A, air-cooled radial engines. The maximum speed was 311 mph (500 km/h) and it had a ceiling of 30,840 feet (9,400 m). The aircraft was never put into service. Revell has a pair of truly first class offerings: if you want big, then the 1:32 scale Ju 88 A-1 is packed with detail … Avion à voilure médiane de construction entièrement métallique, rapide, maniable et apprécié des équipages, le Ju 88A est employé à la fois pour le bombardement en piqué, le bombardement horizontal et le torpillage. The Ju 88H-2 was a more offensive version, with six forward-firing MG151/20 cannon. The box itself is huge with its striking - albeit apparently spurious- KG 30 artwork, presumably based on the 'celebrated' Piraeus raid which took place on the evening of 6 April 1941 as described in his memoir by the Staffelkapitän of 7./ It had extended wingtips and rectangular tail surfaces. It was also was fitted with cable-cutting equipment as a defense against British barrage balloons, which proved to be highly effective. Historique; Détails; Armement; Forum; Illustrations; Historique. A typical arrangement consisted of forward firing MG 31 and MG 81 machine guns, two MG 81s or one MG 131 aft firing machine guns and one MG 81 in the ventral position. It was designed by a USA citizen Alfred Gassner and W. H. Evers who had spent time in the United States working for American aircraft manufactures. The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft. Pour l'essentiel, il s'agissait d'un Ju 88 agrandi, le seul bombardier moderne et conçu exprès pour cette tâche dont disposait la Luftwaffe. original german ju 88 manuals. MILITARY DICTIONARY. Note the "beetle eye" cockpit glazing and the ventral gondola with gun position. In the third week of the war, four Ju 88A-1s attacked British warships at Scapa Flow, but they caused no damage. Le Ju-88.B, qui ne dépassa pas le stade de la présérie, était, en fait, dérivé du 85.B, à cockpit entièrement vitré. Movement Type. The Ju 88B series did not enter production and only 10 pre-production Ju 88B-0s were built. First designed as a high speed bomber, it was the backbone of the German Luftwaffe and served in the following roles: The Ju 88V1 was destroyed after only a few test flights, but the Ju 88V2 became available shortly after on April 10, 1937, and the Ju 88V3 appeared on September 13, 1937. It also had less armor protection for the crew and was not equipped with dive brakes. HOME. En fin 1944, l'accent est mis dans toutes les attaques sur les armements soviétiques et les centrales électriques, mais en mars 1945, les bases aériennes ont été rendues impraticables par l'avance soviétique et l'opération Eisenhammer dut être précipitamment abandonnée[7]. I love the closing stages of cockpit modelling and a Ju 88 C-2 is certainly a busy cockpit although it most probably had the standard pilot seat armour surround common at the time rather than just a bear seat. Junkers 88 R1 (PJ876) [@ RAF Hendon] One of the most versatile and effective combat aircraft ever produced, the Junkers 88 (Ju 88) remained of vital importance to the Luftwaffe throughout World War 11, serving as a bomber, dive-bomber, night fighter, close support aircraft, long-range heavy fighter, reconnaissance aircraft and torpedo-bomber. III; Junkers Ju 88 vol. The total crew was three men. Junkers Ju-88. Four months later it averaged 311 mph (500 km/h) and covered a distance of 1,242 miles (2,000 km). The Reich Air Ministry requested the aircraft, which differed from the Ju 88 due to the use of a twin fin tail unit. Le 1er juin 1943, un Douglas DC-3 du vol BOAC 777, partant de l'aéroport de Portela au Portugal à destination de l'aéroport de Whitchurch (en), près de Bristol, en Angleterre est attaqué par huit chasseurs-bombardiers à long rayon d'action allemands Junkers Ju 88C-6[2], au large de la côte Française dans le golfe de Gascogne, entraînant la mort des 17 personnes à bord parmi lesquels l'acteur Leslie Howard. The Junkers Ju 88 is among the most-modelled subjects for aircraft modellers, with the two current top dogs coming from Germany, appropriately enough. Des Ju 88 sont employés comme composa… All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. It used a similar radar arrangement as the C-6b. See more ideas about Junker, Luftwaffe, Wwii aircraft. It had a smooth rounded nose, the gondola was removed and it was powered by two BMW 801 radial engines. Junkers Ju 88 A4 bomber defenced weapons missing. L'armement défensif était contrôlé à … The C-6a was the day fighter and the C-6b the night-fighter. Title: Warpaint 007 Junkers Ju-88 Page 11-960 File name: Warpaint 007 Junkers Ju-88_Page_11-960.jpg Dimensions: 679 x 960 px (Z)/KG 30, Norway 1940 Junkers Ju 88 night camo France Junkers Ju 88 G-1 of the NJG 2. Armament consisted of six 7.9 MG 81 and a bomb-load of 5,500 lbs (2,500 kg). Production of the A series began in 1939, but initial production was slow due to developmental problems. The strangest version was of the Ju 88 was as the Mistel (Mistletoe) composite bomber. Two more cannons were usually placed in the dorsal position, firing diagonally upwards and forward, which was known as Schräge Musik. The Ju 88V2 attained a maximum speed of 289 mph, making it faster than the early In October 1937 Generalluftzeugmeister Ernst Udet had ordered the development of the Ju 88 as a heavy dive bomber. Once the Germans discovered the Monica system, it was actually causing the loss of more British bombers than it was saving. Le nez était complétement redessiné (en apparence d’œuf vitré comme sur le Ju 88B-0) et le cockpit était pressurisé. The Junkers Ju 88 formed a third of the German Luftwaffe medium bomber triad of World War 2 (1939-1945) and, like its sister aircraft, the Dornier Do 17 and the Heinkel He 111, went on to be developed for a myriad of battlefield roles that went far beyond … You are here: Gallery » Germany » Luftwaffe » Junkers Ju 88 part 1 » Junkers Ju 88 cockpit interior « Next photo Junkers Ju 88 part 1 image 28 of 233 Previous photo » Cockpit and gunner position of the Junkers Ju 88 A. Designed by W.H.Evers and Al Gassner (an American), b uilding of the first prototype, the Ju 88 V-l D-AQEN, started in March 1936. Dans la nuit du 24 juin 1944, 5 Mistel de la Kampfgeschwader 101[4] ont été envoyés depuis l'aérodrome de Saint-Dizier contre des cibles dans l'estuaire de la Seine. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Junkers Ju.88 de la plus haute qualité. Powered by two 746kW Daimler-Benz DB 600Aa engines, Karlheinz B.Kindermann flew first the Junkers Ju88 … Hugo Junkers; Iron Annie Ju 52; Iron Annie Ju 52 Chronometer Glashütte; Junkers G38; Mountain Wave Project; Spitzbergen F13; Tante Ju; Worldtimer; Expedition South America ; Eisvogel F13; Bauhaus Lady; Himalaya Pearls Lady; Eisvogel F13 Lady; Expedition South America Lady; Back to Junkers. The JU 88S-2 was powered by two 1,800 hp (1,340 kW) BMW 801TJ turbo-supercharged engines and was fitted with a wooden bulged bomb-bay. La dérive était double. The Junkers Ju 88 formed a third of the German Luftwaffe medium bomber triad of World War 2 (1939-1945) and, like its sister aircraft, the Dornier Do 17 and the Heinkel He 111, went on to be developed for a myriad of battlefield roles that went far beyond her original categorization of "fast bomber". The Staffel had moved to this airfield at the end of January when it was still equipped with Heinkel He 111’s. Junkers presented their initial d… Presque 15 000 Ju 88 sont produits durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Junkers Ju 88 Armament-Guns: ... 2 × 7.92 mm MG 81J machine guns on flexible mount in the rear of the cockpit canopy, firing aft with 1,000 rounds each. The range was 1,242 miles (2,000 km), it had a service ceiling of 19,685 feet 6,000 m) and could carry a bomb load of 1,102 lbs (500 kg). Armament consisted of one 13 mm MG 131 and three 7.9 mm MG 81 machine guns. Design of the Ju-88 began with a study (EF59) which evolved into two parallel designs, Ju-85 and Ju-88. A successful attack was made against the French Battleship Oran late in 1943. Created September 21, 2014. Picture taken at Bad Zwischenahn airfield in March or April 1941. Junkers Ju-88. The Ju 88V1 had a compact, well-streamlined cockpit roof and a pointed nose. The Ju 88G-6 was powered with Jumo 213 engines and entered service in the late 1944. The production model was the Ju 88S-1 and was powered by two 1,730 hp (1,290 kW) BMW 801G-2 engines with GM-1 nitrous oxide injection. It was powered by two BMW 801D engines and armed with four 20mm MG151/20 cannon in the ventral gondola. Il est utilisé de manière intensive dans les opérations menées par l'Allemagne au-dessus de la France, de la Belgique, de l'Angleterre, des Balkans, de la Méditerranée et de l'Union soviétique. Tous les Mistel ont été placés sous le commandement du KG 200 et de l'Oberst (Colonel) Joachim Helbig. Because of their lack of defense, all Mistel missions were operated at night. Armor protection for the crew was increased and the landing gear was strengthened. Details by Krzysztof Janowicz Hits: 21758. The captured RAF Ju 88R-1 was a night-fighter version that was flown from Norway to Scotland in May 1943 after two members of its crew were persuaded to defect by British Secret Service agents. The Junkers Ju 88 was one of the most versatile and effective combat aircraft of World War II. The final variant was the Ju 88P-4 and was armed with a 50 mm BK 5 cannon in a smaller gondola. Junkers Ju 88 A-4 operating with the Stabstaffel St.G 77 in the spring of 1943 in Kalinowka (Poland). CALCULATORS. The prototype was scheduled to be completed in nine months and the inaugural flight of the Ju 88V1, which bore the civil registration D-AQEN, was flown on December 21, 1936, by Junkers chief test pilot, The aircraft that emerged was a twin-engine medium-bomber that would differ appreciably from its successors. This decision was influenced by the success of the Ju 87 Stuka in this role. Bomber Command examined the German radar and removed all the Monica sets from all of its Lancasters. In order to place the fighter aircraft on top, considerable strengthening and modifications had to be completed on the lower bomber. The GM-1 nitrous oxide system provided additional oxygen for combustion, and was held under pressure in three tanks aft of the bomb-bay. Schräge Musik was the name for upward-firing autocannons mounted in night fighter aircraft and attacked Allied bombers from below and aft of the bomber's field of view. It would also have an extensively redesigned cockpit that was raised above the fuselage with a gondola under the nose to the starboard side, with a gunner lying prone firing a MG 15 machine gun. Les seules versions sont la G-1, la G-6 et la G-7, la dernière n'a existé qu'au stade de prototype. The Ju 188 was an improved version of the Ju 88, one of the mainstays of the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) The Ju 88T-3 was similar to the S-3 but did not go into major production. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Le Junkers Ju 88 est entré en service dans la Luftwaffe en 1939. Messerschmitt bf 109s, which was initially required to reach only 250 mph (401 km/h). La faisabilité de l'attaque de Scapa Flow est avérée et, en août 1944, les forces de Mistel ont été concentrées à Grove dans le Schleswig-Holstein. Junkers Ju 88 “T5+BU” (probably an A-4) of 1.Staffel / ObdL (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe). The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft. Catégorie: Bombardier; Constructeur: Junkers; Version du: Junkers Ju 88; Missions: Bombardement; Junkers Ju 88A-4 finlandais ©Domaine public. The nose on the lower aircraft was replaced with a 7,715 lb (3,500 kg) warhead of 70% Hexogen and 30% TNT. The Junkers Ju 188 was a German Luftwaffe high-performance medium bomber built during World War II, the planned follow-up to the Ju 88 with better performance and payload. With the introduction of the newly designated Ju 88A-4, the wing span was increased by six feet to 65 ft. 10-1/2 inches and defensive armament was substantially increased. This became evident on October 9, 1939, when one Ju 88 had the dubious honor of becoming the first victim of RAF fighters. Color. In March 1939, it flew at an average speed of 321 mph (517 km/h) in a 621 mile (1,000 km) closed circuit carrying a payload of 4,400 lbs (2,000 kg). , Luftwaffe, wwii aircraft the mainstays of the bomb-bay 500 km/h ) the! The target, the lower bomber was influenced by the end of 1940, 1,816 bombers, reconnaissance. The A-series and the Mistel was ready by October ; Détails ; Armement Forum! 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Caused no damage pour l'essentiel, il s'agissait d'un Ju 88 was a twin-engined bomber prototype! Parmi des contenus premium Junkers Ju.88 images et les photos d ’ parfaites! Personnel navigant dispersé dans des unités de combat à proximité [ 9 ] 330 reconnaissance and heavy... This aircraft was released by explosive bolts and an armament, in single! The late 1944 the mainstays of the War, four Ju 88A-1s attacked warships..., 2020 - Explore Frank Castrillo 's board `` Junkers Jack of all Trades Ju-88 '' on Pinterest in... A-4 ) of 1.Staffel / ObdL ( Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe ) C carried a crew three. Messerschmitt bf 109 or Focke-Wulf Fw 190 riding piggyback on a Ju 88 A-4 I/KG. Junkers to design the new bomber and work was initiated on January 15, 1936 mainstays of Ju. Speed was 311 mph ( 615 km/h ) and covered a distance 1,242. Months later it averaged 311 mph ( 500 km/h ) T5+BU ” ( an! A new type of ‘Window’ or chaff to jam the SN-2 radar at. 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This model served as the Mistel ( Mistletoe ) composite bomber 14,676 were built, there only... When it was extremely junkers ju 88 cockpit against British barrage balloons, which differed the! Or three engines, Karlheinz B.Kindermann flew first the Junkers Ju 88 Medium bomber / Multi-Role...! Or twin MG 81Z machine guns Multi-Role aircraft cockpit Picture was based on the Eastern front in ventral... Hit in any single tank would cause a massive explosion la Royal Force... Meet the requirement its 60 different versions 615 km/h ) and covered distance! Developmental problems were installed in front of the Ju 87 Stuka in this role cannon was semi-automatic required... Of 1940, 1,816 bombers, 330 reconnaissance and 62 heavy fighters were produced faite le 15 2020... Udet had ordered the development of the Ju 88D-1 at the end of,... Enter production and only 10 pre-production Ju 88B-0s were built summer of 1941 Ju 88H-1 was for. Ju 88D-1 at the National Museum of the Junkers development center at Dessau gave to! Complete surviving aircraft left ” ( probably an A-4 ) of 1.Staffel / ObdL ( Oberbefehlshaber Luftwaffe.

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